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As ADHD Diagnoses Increased, So Did Calls to Poison Control24/5/2018
  A new study is sounding the alarm about misuse of medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.To get more health issues, you can visit shine news official website. There were 156,365 calls to poison control centers for people under 20 who were improperly exposed to ADHD medication from 2000 through 2014, according to the study published in the journal Pediatrics.
The number of calls surged between 2000 and 2011 before declining slightly between 2011 and 2014. Overall, call volume increased by 60 percent over the period, says the study's senior author, Gary Smith.As the diagnoses and treatment with medication of ADHD have increased in the U.S., these exposures have also increased, which means we really do need to pay more attention … and for different age groups, come up with different strategies to prevent them," says Smith, director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.
As of 2016, an estimated 6.1 million children between the ages of 2 and 17 had at some point been diagnosed with ADHD, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and survey data. About 6 in 10 currently with ADHD took medication to treat the neurobehavioral disorder, which can make it extremely difficult for children to focus or sit still. Between 2003 and 2011, the estimate of children and adolescents diagnosed at some point with ADHD rose from 4.4 million to 6.4 million, though those figures are based on a differently administered survey and represent a smaller age range of 4 to 17. Brand-name medications for ADHD include Adderall, Concerta and Ritalin. According to the study, most of the more than 156,000 poison-control calls were for those who experienced unintentional exposure to such drugs – a category including young children who accessed poorly stored medications and those a bit older who may have taken too much or the wrong medication.
 Three-quarters of the calls involved children 12 years old or younger, and most didn't result in a trip to a health care facility. But among teenagers, nearly a quarter of calls were for those intentionally abusing or misusing the pills, the study showed. Almost another quarter – nearly 9,000 calls – were related to those between 13 and 19 years old who may have been attempting suicide, which Smith says is "very concerning."They're taking bigger doses, it's resulting in more serious outcomes and it's not infrequent," he says. "Looking into the motivations behind these attempted suicides would be absolutely critical." While the study only reported three deaths, all were tied to intentional exposure among teens, including one suspected suicide. Smith says it's unclear why so many teenagers abused or misused the medication, or whether the pills they took were prescribed to them or not. The misuse of ADHD medication is fairly prevalent among college students, who may get the pills from friends and use the so-called study drugs to help them focus. 
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Can a Drug Cure Baldness? New Study Shows Potential24/5/2018
  Approximately 88 million men and women experience some degree of hair loss during their lives.To get more Health News, you can visit shine news official website. Those eager to reverse a receding hairline can choose from a few solutions. Hair transplants are a costly but permanent option. Topical solutions that promote hair growth, but at inconsistent rates, are another option.
To date, scientists haven’t developed a surefire method to stop hair loss, which is scientifically known as androgenetic alopecia. That term alone provides clues to its illusive cure. Hair loss is the result of both hormonal and hereditary factors. The truth is, hair loss is still a bit of mystery, says Dr. Edidiong Kaminska. She practices dermatology in Chicago and is a spokesperson for the American Academy of Dermatology. “There are so many molecular pathways — it’s multifactorial, it’s hereditary. There are a host of factors,” she told Healthline.
 “That’s why treating hair loss has been complicated and challenging.”A study released this month may bring scientists one step closer to solving the hair loss puzzle. It involves a drug that’s currently used to treat osteoporosis. One of the side effects of the drug is that it reduces the activity of a protein called SFRP1. This is key because that protein also stops follicles from growing hair. The researchers from the University of Manchester’s Centre for Dermatology Research uncovered this finding through lab tests. They used samples containing scalp hair follicles from more than 40 male hair-transplant patients. The hair follicles were placed in a medium and treated with the drug. Researchers said that those hair follicles were able to grow again because it suppressed the actions of SFRP1.Kaminska said it’s exciting to see that the researchers were able to zero in on the protein that stops hair from growing at the follicle.
“This is novel because it blocked that protein, SFRP,” she said. “It’s amazing that they were able to find the specific protein.” But Kaminska stopped short of calling the findings a cure for baldness. For starters, she said it’s just the first study. Further, it was only conducted in the lab, not on people. There simply isn’t enough thorough research to draw serious conclusions yet about its long-term implications for hair loss.Copyright Maskot Approximately 88 million men and women experience some degree of hair loss during their lives. Those eager to reverse a receding hairline can choose from a few solutions. Hair transplants are a costly but permanent option. Topical solutions that promote hair growth, but at inconsistent rates, are another option. 
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